Images

Location

JERI0007

Judaea. Jericho. 5 CE to 70 CE. Soft limestone ossuary with chip-carved and incised ornamentation. Funerary.

Transcription

Θεοδότου ἀπελευθέρου βασιλίσσηςἈγριππείνης σορός Θεοδότου ἀπελευθέρου βασιλίσσης Ἀγριππείνης

Translation

Ossuary of Theodotos, Queen Agrippina's freedman. Ossuary of Theodotos, Queen Agrippina's freedman

Diplomatic

[no diplomatic]

Terminus post quem:
Terminus ante quem:
Notes
Unfinished and badly worn ossuary has low feet. Height describes that of chest plus that of thin, flat lid plus that of vaulted lid. This double lid is unique and may have been intended as symbolic protection for the remains of the deceased. Ornamentation on the chest's front side consists of two metopes in doubled frames, notched to indicate zigzags. Each metope contains a faintly incised six-petalled rosette within a similarly notched circle. On the chest's left side is a faintly incised six-petalled rosette within concentric line circles; the same ornamentation on the right side is unfinished, and one petal is chip-carved. It is probably the poorly executed attempt of a local artisan. Inscription is written in ink, on the upper left and right of the chest's back side, with exceptional care; Di Segni notes that the small marks shaped like checks, represented in this transcription as soft hyphens, usually appear between words for added elegance. Hachlili concluded that the inscription refers to Queen Agrippina the Younger (15-59 CE) whose freedman, Theodotos, probably lived for some time in Rome but was buried in what was likely his family tomb at Jericho. Other instances of Roman Jews interred locally exist. Repetition of the name of the deceased may express grief of the mourner(s).

Languages

Greek

Dimensions

H: 30.5+1+9 cm; W: 59 cm; D: 25 cm

Date

5 CE to 70 CE

Current location

No provenance provided.

Figures

  • doubled frames notched to indicate zigzags front of chest

  • concentric line circles encircling rosettes on left and right sides

  • encircled six-petalled rosettes in metopes and on left and right sides of chest

  • circles notched to indicate zigzags encircling rosettes on front side

  • metopes within frames

Bibliography

Source of diplomatic

No bibliography available for diplomatic transcription.

Source of transcription

No bibliography available for transcription.

Source of translation

No bibliography available for translation.

Other sources

  • Rahmani, L.Y. A Catalogue of Jewish Ossuaries in the Collections of the State of Israel. Edited by Ayala Sussmann. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1994.
    Zotero
  • Rahmani, L.Y. A Catalogue of Jewish Ossuaries in the Collections of the State of Israel. Edited by Ayala Sussmann. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1994.
    Zotero
  • Rahmani, L.Y. A Catalogue of Jewish Ossuaries in the Collections of the State of Israel. Edited by Ayala Sussmann. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1994.
    Zotero
  • Hachlili, Rachel. “The Goliath Family in Jericho: Funerary Inscriptions from a First-Century A.D. Jewish Monumental Tomb.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 235, no. Summer (1979): 31–66.
    Zotero
  • Rahmani, L.Y. A Catalogue of Jewish Ossuaries in the Collections of the State of Israel. Edited by Ayala Sussmann. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1994.
    Zotero
  • Rahmani, L.Y. A Catalogue of Jewish Ossuaries in the Collections of the State of Israel. Edited by Ayala Sussmann. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1994.
    Zotero
  • Rahmani, L.Y. A Catalogue of Jewish Ossuaries in the Collections of the State of Israel. Edited by Ayala Sussmann. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1994.
    Zotero
  • Rahmani, L.Y. A Catalogue of Jewish Ossuaries in the Collections of the State of Israel. Edited by Ayala Sussmann. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1994.
    Zotero
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The project can be cited as:

Satlow, Michael L., ed. 2002 - . “Inscriptions of Israel/Palestine.” Brown University. https://doi.org/10.26300/PZ1D-ST89

This inscription can be cited as:

"Inscriptions of Israel/Palestine," JERI0007, 15 June 2024. https:doi.org/10.26300/pz1d-st89